A year after his birth, his father left the family, and Jackie and his mom and siblings moved to California. Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1947-1956. [49][50][51], After the government ceased NYA operations, Robinson traveled to Honolulu in the fall of 1941 to play football for the semi-professional, racially integrated Honolulu Bears. Robinson Jr. eventually completed the treatment program at Daytop Village in Seymour, Connecticut, and became a counselor at the institution. high-school baseball, "Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1981–1989", "Jackie Robinson receives Congressional Gold Medal", "Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver Announce the California Hall of Fame 2007 Inductees", "Steele Field at Jackie Robinson Stadium", "Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson – Daytona Beach, Florida", "Fearing gang violence, school forfeits a game", "Historic sports sites rarely take landmark status", "Residents Want To Turn Jackie Robinson's Brooklyn Home into City Landmark", "NYC Parks unveils renovated Jackie Robinson Park in Harlem", "A Closer Look at New York City's Historic Harlem Parks (Part II)", "The Jackie Robinson Commemorative Coin Set", "Mayor Giuliani Unveils the New Jackie Robinson Parkway Sign", "Jersey City, Journal Square, plaque at base of Jackie Robinson statue", "Jackie Robinson's old Montreal apartment to be commemorated by U.S. government", "UCLA Honors Jackie Robinson by Retiring #42 Across All Sports", "2011–12 UCLA Men's Basketball Media Guide", "UCLA Basketball Notebook: Wooden Won't Make Trip To Indianapolis", "The Numbers Game From 00 To 99, Which Player Would You Choose for the All-Time Southern California Roster? Jackie Robinson was born on, January 31, 1919 in Cairo Georgia. Jackie’s mom worked a lot of different jobs to support the family. Er war der erste Schwarze in der MLB: Jackie Robinson wurde von einem besonderen Manager in die Liga geholt und stieg zu einem der besten Spieler aller Zeiten auf. Managed by CMG Worldwide, authorized representative of the Jackie Robinson Estate. Trouvez les Jackie Robinson Family images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. At Sisler's suggestion, Robinson spent hours at a batting tee, learning to hit the ball to right field. [256] After his discharge, he struggled with drug problems. City Island Ballpark in Daytona Beach, Florida was renamed Jackie Robinson Ballpark in 1990 and a statue of Robinson with two children stands in front of the ballpark. [294], At the November 2006 groundbreaking for Citi Field, the new ballpark for the New York Mets, it was announced that the main entrance, modeled on the one in Brooklyn's old Ebbets Field, would be called the Jackie Robinson Rotunda. JRF Scholars Program. Afterward, Robinson played variously at first, second, and third bases, shortstop, and in the outfield, with Jim Gilliam, another black player, taking over everyday second base duties. [43], In track and field, Robinson won the 1940 NCAA championship in the long jump at 24 ft 10 1⁄4 in (7.58 m). His mother, Mallie Robinson, single-handedly raised Jackie and her four other children. Robinson … He was the youngest of five children born to Mallie (McGriff) and Jerry Robinson, after siblings Edgar, Frank, Matthew (nicknamed "Mack"), and Willa Mae. [129] Robinson became the first player since 1884 to openly break the major league baseball color line. When Jackie first donned a Brooklyn Dodger uniform, he pioneered the integration of professional athletics in America. [49] Robinson was aghast: "Are you looking for a Negro who is afraid to fight back? [35] Toward the end of his PJC tenure, Frank Robinson (to whom Robinson felt closest among his three brothers) was killed in a motorcycle accident. Als er die John Muir Technical High School in Pasadena besuchte, stellten die Ärzte einen Herzfehler bei ihm fest. Die Umstände seines Rücktritts am 5. [24], In 1936, Robinson won the junior boys singles championship in the annual Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament and earned a place on the Pomona annual baseball tournament all-star team, which included future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon. In 1987, both the National and American League Rookie of the Year Awards were renamed the "Jackie Robinson Award" in honor of the first recipient (Robinson's Major League Rookie of the Year Award in 1947 encompassed both leagues). [318] That same year, New York City renamed the Interboro Parkway in his honor. That September, he signed with Chet Brewer's Kansas City Royals, a post-season barnstorming team in the California Winter League. [264] On April 15, 2008, she announced that in 2010 the foundation would open a museum devoted to Jackie in Lower Manhattan. [254], Robinson's eldest son, Jackie Robinson Jr., had emotional trouble during his childhood and entered special education at an early age. At the end of Robinson’s rookie season with the Brooklyn Dodgers, he had become National League Rookie of the Year with 12 homers, a league-leading 29 steals, and a .297 average. [191], In 1956, Robinson had 61 runs scored, a .275 batting average, and 12 steals. He was a shortstop and leadoff hitter for the baseball team, and he broke school broad-jump records held by his brother Mack. No.32 Is Likely To Be Hottest Debate", "Rare Jackie Robinson jersey sold for $2.05 million", Sporting News MLB Rookie of the Year Award, National League season stolen base leaders, Bums: An Oral History of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Orel Hershiser's scoreless innings streak, "You're Looking at One for the Ages Here", Ladies and Gentlemen, the Bronx Is Burning, National Football Foundation Gold Medal winners, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jackie_Robinson&oldid=999754173, Activists for African-American civil rights, African-American male track and field athletes, American expatriate baseball players in Canada, Baseball players from Georgia (U.S. state), College men's basketball head coaches in the United States, Major League Baseball players with retired numbers, Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award winners, Military personnel from Georgia (U.S. state), National College Baseball Hall of Fame inductees, National League Most Valuable Player Award winners, Pasadena City Lancers men's basketball players, UCLA Bruins men's track and field athletes, United States Army personnel of World War II, United States Army personnel who were court-martialed, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, October 10, 1956, for the Brooklyn Dodgers, Antonio Todd in "Colors", a 2005 episode of the, Career statistics and player information from, Negro league baseball statistics and player information from, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 20:09. [157] The Dodgers briefly moved into first place in the National League in late August 1948, but they ultimately finished third as the Braves went on to win the league title and lose to the Cleveland Indians in the World Series. [252] She also served on the board of the Freedom National Bank until it closed in 1990. JRF FAMILY; DONATE; Search. [172] In late 1950, Rickey's contract as the Dodgers' team President expired. [232][233] In 1972, he served as a part-time commentator on Montreal Expos telecasts. [229], In his first year of eligibility for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962,[68] Robinson encouraged voters to consider only his on-field qualifications, rather than his cultural impact on the game. [146] Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese once came to Robinson's defense with the famous line, "You can hate a man for many reasons. I think that's one of the reasons why Josh died so early—he was heartbroken. [53] As a result, the applications of Robinson and his colleagues were delayed for several months. 22.229 waren hier. Robinson was reluctant to testify, but he eventually agreed to do so, fearing it might negatively affect his career if he declined. [184] Robinson ended his major league career when he struck out to end Game 7 of the 1956 World Series. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia in 1919 to a family of sharecroppers. In 1941, he was named to the All-American football team. Jerry Robinson left the family in 1920 and his mother moved Jackie and his siblings to Pasadena, California. [49][76] Although he played well for the Monarchs, Robinson was frustrated with the experience. In the end, Montreal was the perfect place for him to get his start. Inspiration by Jackie Robinson . Jakie Robinson was a man among men. Jack Roosevelt Robinson voit le jour le 31 janvier 1919 à Cairo dans l'État de Géorgie en pleine épidémie de « grippe espagnole ». 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